First Aid for Major Injuries

First Aid:

First Aid in simple words means, ‘help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is made available.’

First Aid for Major Injuries Such As – Bleeding, Fracture, Burns; which are Very Common and Dangerous Injuries Which can lead to death, If not taken care of gently & adequately. As we have minor bleeding from childhood, We have a lot of Graze’s, Bruises And Slips, Trips and Fall which leads us to Minor/ Major physical injuries to our body and First Aid is very important in all of these cases.



  1. BLEEDING – Bleeding is a common cause of death in accidents. The rupture of blood vessels is caused due to the severity of the injury.

How blood circulates in our body, by blood vessels, and Types of Bleeding – Arterial Bleeding, Venous Bleeding & Capillary Bleeding.

Arterial Bleeding Venous Bleeding Capillary Bleeding

·         As arteries carry oxygenated blood, it Contains oxygen in the blood.

·         Bright Red in colour

·         Pulsating Flow

·         Caused due to deep cut into the skin

·         As veins carry unoxygenated blood, so it doesn’t carry oxygen into it.

·         Dark Red in Colour

·         Slow and steady flow

·         Caused by normal cuts in skin

·         Capillaries are very close to the skin, they contain a very small amount of blood in them, generally caused by graze, bruises and normal cuts. When injured one can just press for a few seconds and it can be arrested.
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  • DIRECT PRESSURE  – Apply direct pressure on the cut or wound with a clean cloth, tissue, or piece of gauze until bleeding stops.
  • ELEVATION  – If the wound is on the arm or leg, raise limb above the heart, if possible, to help slow bleeding.
  • DRESSING  – Apply dressing by using Crepe Bandage, it takes a very low effort to apply, if you are trained.

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Do’s Don’ts
  • Clean the wound with general water/ antiseptic solution such as Savlon/ Dettol
  • Apply a clean pad larger than the injury, press it firmly.
  • If bleeding continues, do not take off the original dressing, but add more pads.
  • Apply antiseptic/ antibiotic cream ointment such as – betadine for reducing infection
  • Don’t Panic
  • Do not use Hydrogen Peroxide, for larger wound it may damage tissues.
  • Don’t apply tourniquet bandage, immediately, unless bleeding is critical, or wrong place, it may stop circulation.


If Bleeding does not stops after 10 Mins applying direct pressure & dressing, If it seems puncture wound/ deep cut or bleeding by metal hitting (need to get tetanus injection), Get the victim to the hospital immediately or arrange to take him to the hospital for further treatment.

For a video on this topic,  click here.


 Topic by:

Mr. Gaurav k Singh (EHS Practitioner)

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