Safety Officer Interview Questions & Answers

What is Safety?

  • It
    is a condition which gives one freedom from hazard, risk, and accident which
    may cause injury, damage and loss to material or property damage and even


  • Safety
    is defined as freedom from those conditions that can cause injury to persons
    including death or damage to property or environment.

What is accident?

  • It
    is an unexpected or unplanned event which may or may not result in injury or
    damage or property loss or death.

3. What
is injury?

  • It
    is defined as a harmful condition sustained by the body as a result of an

What is hazard?

  • Inherent
    property of a substance or an occurrence which has potential to cause loss or
    damage property, person or environment.

What is risk?

  • In
    probability of the realization of potential for loss or damage or injury.

What is incident?

  • It
    is an event which represents deviation from the intended sequence of designed

What is safety policy?

  • Any
    company has a social and legal obligation to provide a safe and health working
    environment to all his improvement to all his employees.

What is safety audit?

  • The
    safety audit is the process that identifies un-safe conditions and unsafe acts
    the plant and recommended safety improvement.
  • Walk
    through It evaluates the unsafe condition notice able to naked eye during work
    through the plant. (Stores, civil work, erection work)
  • Inter
    mediate-more details study and review of plant design and plant operation.
  • Comprehensive
    –It evaluates the safety factors in the plant on the base engineering,
    analysis, testing, measurement.

What is safety tag?

  • Safety
    tag can be defined a surface made of card board or paper board on which English
    local languages letters written for warning safety instructions to employees.

What is safety programme?

  • Safety
    programme can be defined as five methods by which accident can be prevent
    easily they are engineering, education, enforcement, enthusiasm and example
    safety programmes are plain spoken and carry out certain legal steps.

What is attitude?

  • Attitude
    may be described as continuous behavior. if man’s behavior is good, then his
    action will be either correct or safe.

what is emergency planning?

  • Emergency
    planning can define as a control measures. It can control the accidents safe
    guard people and provide information to media.

What is work permit system?

  • Work
    permit system is a “written documents” for permission to undertake a job by
    area in charge or it is written document issued by the area in charge to the
    performer to undertake the specific job.

What is work at height?

  • Any
    work above 2 meters from ground is called work at height.

What is confined space?

  • An
    area which is small and enclosed or an area where one entry and exits or where
    a man cannot work comfortable in any location is called confined space.

What is excavation?

  • Marking
    a hole or tunnel by digging the ground by man or machine is called excavation.

What is scaffolding?

  • It
    is a temporary platform constructed for supporting both men and materials

and working safety at a construction

What is welding?

  • The
    process of joining of metals either by electrical or by gas is called welding.

What is gas cutting?

  • The
    process of joining of cutting metals by using oxygen and combustible gas is
    called gas cutting.

What is sand blasting?

  • The
    process of removing rust dust, dirt, scales and old prints from the old surface
    using compressed air is called sand blasting.

What is painting?

  • The
    process after sand blasting is called painting.

What is LEL?

  • The
    minimum concentration of vapour, gasses and dust in air below which propagation
    of flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called LEL.

What is UEL?

  • The
    maximum proportion of vapour, gasses and dust in air above which proposal the
    flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called UEL.

What is manual handing?

  • The
    process of lifting, carrying and stacking materials by men is called manual

What is housekeeping?

means not only cleanness but also orderly arrangement of operations, tools,
equipment storage facilities and suppliers.

What is personal protective equipment?

  • It
    is equipment used to protect the person from hazards such dust, dirt, fumes and
    sparks etc. It is the barrier between hazard and person.

What is grinding?

  • Grinder
    is a portable machine with a wheel guard in position to reduce the danger.

What is Crane?

  • A
    tall machine used for moving heavy objects by suspending them from a projecting
    arm with hook.

What is fork lift truck?

  • Fork
    lift truck are designed to handle heavy loads.

What is JSA?

  • The
    procedure of analyzing job for the specific purpose of finding the hazards and

What are the duties of a safety officer?

  • Prepare
    tool box talk
  • Prepare
    monthly statistics
  • Prepare
    the checklist
  • Accident
  • Management
  • Arrange
    the safety classes/training
  • Arrange
    monthly safety bulletin
  • Inspection
    of fire extinguisher
  • Arrange
    first aid training classes
  • Arrange
    safety competitions like quiz, slogan, poster competitions exhibition etc.

What are the duties of a supervisor?

  • He
    has to instruct the workers about the work methods and procedures.
  • He
    has to maintain discipline among the workers
  • He
    has to supply necessary materials
  • He
    has to control quality and cost of the job
  • He
    has to guide has workers in doing a job in the correct and safe way
  • He
    has to supply suitable personal protective equipment to his workers
  • He
    should conduct periodical safety meetings.
  • He
    should conduct safety inspection of his working area
  • He
    should know about the fire fight equipment
  • He
    should know investigate the accident and find out the cause of accident

What are the precautions for welding?

  • Remove
    all combustion material from the place of welding
  • Clear
    the work area and cover wooden floor with fire proof mats. (Welding mechanic
    should be kept within the visibility of the welders.
  • Erect
    fire resistance screen around the work
  • All
    welding cables should be fully insulted
  • All
    welding machinery shall be double earthed
  • Welding
    area should be dry and free from water
  • Keep
    the fire extinguisher / sand really
  • Use
    leather hand gloves, goggles and helmets
  • Switch
    off the power when welding is stopped
  • Do
    not allow the helper to do welding
  • Do
    not shift the welding cable unless the electric power is switched off.
  • Do
    not allow the helper to carry the welding. Terminal of the welding cables
    should be provided 3-cable with lugs and kept tight.
  • Oxygen
    hose in black and Acetylene hose in red in color as per standard
  • NRV
    of the blow torches should be maintained properly avoid back fire
  • Welders
    should be trained properly
  • Cylinders
    should be stored in a cold dry place away bottom heat and direct sunlight.
  • Proper
    housekeeping, good ventilation in the working area
  • Smoking
    should be avoided from welding area
  • Hose
    connection should be proper made
  • Barricade
    the work area and put a sign board
  • Rolling
    of cylinders should be avoided
  • Flash
    back arrestor should be attached in each cylinders
  • Any
    leakage of cylinder should be kept separately

What is the precaution for gas cutting?

  • Keep
    fire extinguisher nearby
  • Keep
    fire watch near by
  • Remove
    all combustible from work area
  • Use
    all necessary PPE
  • Never
    put welding gas cylinder inside a confined space
  • Hoses
    shall not be laid in path ways
  • Gas
    cutting torch should have flash back arrestors
  • Gas
    test to be done to check for presence of flammable gas in site.
  • Good
    housekeeping and ventilation necessary in working area.
  • Hose
    connections should be made properly

What are the precautions for “sandblasting”?

  • Compressed
    airline, hoses and other fitting must installment firmly without leaks the
  • Misuse
    of compressor should be avoided
  • A
    fresh air hood or mask must be worn
  • Housekeeping
    has to be done periodically
  • Fire
    extinguisher shall be kept near by
  • Dust
    mask ear plugs / muffs should be used
  • No
    sand blasting shall be done on top of floating roof tank in service.
  • Use
    goggles & face shield
  • Sand
    blasting operation must be gas free

What are the precaution for “painting”?

  • All
    flammable material should be cleared from the work area
  • The
    required protective clothing and equipment must be worn
  • Cartridge
    respirators shall always be worn
  • Adequate
    ventilation is necessary
  • Adequate
    washing facilities must be readily available
  • Barrier
    cream should be applied to the skin

What are the hazards in welding?

  • Eye
  • Burn
    injury Arc realization
  • Electrical
    shock Light arc radiation
  • Heat,
    light and radiation effect Heat fume
  • Poisonous
    gases Chipped price of weld metal
  • Fire
  • Explosion
  • Noise
  • Sparking
  • Flying

What are hazards and injuries in manual handing?

  • Cutting
    fingers due to sharp edges
  • Burns
    due to handing of hot articles
  • Foot
    injuries due to dropped articles
  • Slipped
    disc due to improper posture in lifting on object
  • Strains
    to wrist or fingers
  • Sprains,
    wounds hernias, fractures

Cause of accidents in manual handling?

  • Improper
  • Carrying
    too heavy loads
  • Improper
  • Failure
    to use PPE
  • Lifting
    greasy, oily and irregular objects
  • Poor

What precautions are need to avoid accident in manhandling?

  • Stand
    at safe distance from the load
  • Sharp
    edge and burns are removed before lifting a material.
  • PPE
    such as safety gloves and safety shoes are to be used.
  • If
    the weight is too heavy for one person to lift, then he has to seek the
  • The
    pathway is not blocked by obstacles while carrying the load.
  • The
    different actions, movements and forces necessary while carrying the load.
  • Modify
    the task by using hooks and crow bars.
  • Mechanical
    equipments like cranes shall be used.
  • Modify
    the objects
  • Change
    the way things are used.

Tips for manuals handling?

  • Plan
  • Clear
    the path
  • Move
    in close to the load
  • Secure
    your grip
  • Hold
    your head upright
  • Maintain
    normal curves of the spine
  • Power
    the lift with legs and body weight
  • Don’t

Cause of accidents in mechanical handling?

  • The
    sudden failure of wire rope or a chain
  • Slipping
    of the load from the sling
  • Swinging
    of the load at the time of lifting
  • The
    load sometimes hits the man

What are the accidents in “poor house keeping”?

  • Men
    getting hit by failing from overhead
  • Men
    slipping as greasy, wet or dirty floor
  • Men
    failing in open tank without cover in level floor
  • Accidents
    due to poor lighting
  • Fire
    accidents due to faulty electrical wires

What are the advantages in good house keeping?

  • It
    helps in the reduction of accidents including fire accidents
  • It
    saves the property damages
  • It
    improves employee moral
  • Better
  • Working
    area be-comes presentable
  • Human
    energy is conserved
  • Visitors
    are very much satisfied
  • The
    burden of supervisor is reduced

How to care and maintenance of hand tools?

  • Tools
    must be kept clean and free from corrosion
  • Keep
    metal parts lightly oiled
  • Remove
    burrs from edges of tools and heads of chisels.
  • Tools
    which are not in used must be stored separately
  • A
    good worker regularly inspects his tools
  • Do
    not use tools without handles

How to prevent accidents of “power tools”?

  • The
    operators should wear face shields or safety glasses
  • Power
    tools should be placed in the store room after use
  • power
    tools should have protected by guards
  • Pneumatic
    hoses or electric cables of power tools should not pass through passage ways.
  • The
    electrical power tools should be properly earthed
  • Never
    horse play with hose of pneumatic tools
  • Power
    tools machines should be maintained and operated properly.

What are the causes of accidents of “hard tools”?

  • Due
    to wrong way using of tools.
  • Due
    to defective condition of tools
  • Due
    to failure of using right tools for right job
  • Due
    to wrong way of carrying tools
  • Due
    to strong of tools un safety

What precautions are necessary in electrical work?

  • All
    electrical installations shall be as per Indian electricity rules
  • Only
    competent persons should handle the electrical equipment
  • The
    equipment should be earthed properly
  • All
    temporary electric lines should be drawn at least above man’s height
  • Cable
    should be completely insulted
  • Cable
    should not have any joints
  • Only
    connection for one point
  • Good
    house keeping on the area
  • Fire
    protection equipment to be kept near by
  • Use
    rubber gloves and rubber boots
  • Use
    good quality of wire
  • Power
    isolation close to the job
  • Use
    three pin plug instead of loose wire
  • Never
    operate any electrical equipment with wet hands
  • Never
    stand wet surface while working electrical equipments
  • During
    thunder storm do not stand under tree
  • Proper
    sign board is necessary
  • No
    person shall work on any live electrical conductor
  • The
    switch shall only be put on by person who switched it off

What are the hazards in construction?

  • Fall
    of person from top and getting injured
  • Fall
    of objects from top and below person injury
  • Fall
    of materials from top and damaged
  • Person
    fall into excavated pit
  • Collapse
    of soil and below person get injury or may
  • Damage
    of UG cables and sewage pipe
  • Collapse
    of scaffolding and person fall from height, get injury
  • Electrical
  • Fire
    and explosion
  • Burn
  • Health
    and lung problems
  • Snakes
  • Poisonous
  • Foreign
    body in eye

Cause of accident in construction?

  • Erection
    equipment failure
  • Falling
    of persons from height
  • Electrical
  • Improper
  • Non-stop
    working by worker
  • Up
    safe work methods
  • Collapsing
    of earth during trench excavation
  • Failure
    of use safety equipment
  • Working
    a height without safety belt

General safety precautions in construction?

  • Adequate
    first aid equipment should be kept ready
  • Adequate
    firefighting equipment should be available
  • All
    general electrical rules should be followed
  • suitable
    lighting arrangements should be necessary at night work
  • Work
    men at height should be wear safety belts
  • Work
    men handling cement should be provided with goggles, rubber gloves and rubber
    boots by nose mask.
  • The
    moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with
  • The
    moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with
  • Excavated
    material should not kept near the excavated
  • Very
    short duration of work red flags must be hoisted and more duration red banners
    must be stretched
  • Defective
    tools should not be used
  • The
    worker should not carry tools in his hands when climbing a ladder
  • Excavation
    should be guarded by suitable fencing

How to erect scaffolding?

  • It
    should be erected on levels firm ground
  • It
    erected by trained / skilled person
  • It
    is constructed using metal pipes and wooden boards
  • It
    should be design and constructed from good and sound material
  • Not
    to be erected on loose earth
  • Clamps
    should fixed
  • Properly
  • Sole
    plate is necessary the base of vertical pipe

Safety precaution of scaffold?

  • Wooden
    board not be painted
  • Wooden
    board should not to any cracks
  • Check
    for rust in pipes / clamps
  • Clamps
    should fixed and good quality
  • Boards
    thickness should be 3.4 cms and no bending
  • The
    construction must be rigid, properly based
  • Use
    of good and sound materials
  • The
    wooden bellies has not joints
  • Vertical
    poles should not be more than 6 feet
  • Chains,
    ropes used for the suspension of scaffoldings
  • Never
    throw any materials from height
  • Use
    safety harness while working at above 6 feet
  • Properly
    ties to be arrangement

What control measures area necessary in confined space?

  • Enter
    with airline BA sets
  • Use
    24v flame proof hand lamps
  • A
    hole watch to be kept near man hole
  • Keep
    fire fighting equipment ready
  • Gas
    test to be done to check for oxygen level
  • Provide
  • Don’t
    smoke in confined space
  • Use
    ropes and harness
  • The
    spaces clean before entry
  • Use
    non sparking tools it there is any risk of flammable vapors being present.

Safety rules when using ladders?

  • The
    foot wear is not greasy, oily and muddy and has a good grip on the rungs.
  • When
    climbing or coming down a ladder should be face the ladder side and had on with
    both hand.
  • Carry
    light tools in pockets in a shoulder bag.
  • Hold
    on with at least new hand if use of both hands then, use safety belt
  • Never
    climb higher than the third rung from the top on straight or second tired from
    the top on extension ladder.
  • Step
    ladder must be fully open and the divider locked
  • Metal
    ladder shall not be used near electrical equipment.
  • Metal
    ladder shall not be place on firm footing and at angle of 75
  • Any
    ladder found defect in any way should be marked do not use
  • Ladder
    shall not be placed on a box or drum.
  • Rubber
    protection on head and heel of a ladder is necessary.

Safety rules insuring oxygen cylinders?

  • Oxygen
    cylinders should not be kept near combustible materials.
  • Oxygen
    cylinders should not be handled with grassy hands or gloves.
  • Oxygen
    cylinders and their fittings should not be tested with oil based soap solution.
  • Oxygen
    cylinders and other combustible gas cylinders should not be stored together.
  • The
    top cover of the cylinder should be kept in position and screwed safety when
    not in use.
  • Cylinders
    should not be used as rollers for moving materials
  • Oxygen
    must not be used for ventilating confined spaces.

Safety rules in using compressed air?

  • Only
    authorized persons should use compressed air.
  • The
    body or clothes should not be cleaned with compressed air.
  • Compressed
    air hose pipes should not be placed across passage ways
  • Leakage
    of compressed air should not be tested with hands.
  • While
    working with tools run by compressed air safety shoes are to be used.
  • The
    tools should not be kept on position when not in use.

Handling of compressed gas cylinders?

  • They
    are not to be dragged or dropped
  • They
    should be stored in dry and well ventilated places
  • Chins
    and slings should not be used for lifting cylinders.
  • the
    caps of the cylinders should not be removed when they are not the use.
  • Cylinders
    should not be stored near hot sources
  • Acetylene
    cylinders should not be stored horizontally
  • Empty
    cylinders and fully cylinders should be stored separately
  • Leakage
    cylinders removed to open space and release the gas without getting ignited.

Storage of gas cylinders.

  • Cylinders
    should stored in a safe, dry and well ventilated store
  • Oxygen
    cylinders should be stored horizontally and acetylene cylinders shall be stored
  • The
    standing cylinders should be secured properly avoid falling.
  • Flammable
    gas shall be stored at least 50 feet away from another building
  • Oxygen
    cylinder shall never be stored necessary flammable gas cylinder
  • Empty
    cylinder shall be identified by marking with a chalk (MT) and checked for
    damage before returning to suppliers.
  • Cylinders
    should not be kept as supports.

Give a brief note about crane and LE?

  • Only
    authorized and competent person should operated cranes
  • The
    correct sling must be used for the load to be lifts
  • Lifting
    equipment must be certified from competent authority and mark with its SWL
  • Never
    be used for loads excess of its SWL
  • Cables
    and slings must be padded when passing over sharp edges of equipments
  • Check
    the condition of the ground before parking the crane and use out riggers
  • All
    moving parts must be guarded
  • Uncertified
    chains, ropes, slings and hooks should not be use
  • All
    slings to be inspected by third party inspectors
  • Never
    stand or work under a suspended load
  • Place
    the out riggers on firms ground
  • Guide
    ropes shall be used to control swing of lifted material
  • Never
    operate the crane at the time of speed wing
  • Lifting
    over live equipment should not be encouraged
  • The
    crane should undergo periodical maintenance as per manufactures

Give brief note about fork lift truck?

  • Check
    breaks, lift tilt and tires.
  • Check
    the stability of load before moving it
  • Never
    leave your fork lift truck un-attend with motor running
  • Never
    park fork lift truck on passage way
  • Never
    drive with wet or greasy hands
  • Always
    drive with a safe speed and slow down at turning point
  • When
    driving without load forks about 6 inches above the floor or ground
  • Never
    operate trunk in gaseous area
  • Never
    carry a load so high that you can not head, If necessary operate truck in
  • Avoid
    carrying lose materials on forks
  • Never
    allow one to go under elevated loads
  • Warn
    other employees to stand clear when staking or removing materials
  • Exhaust
    pipe should have flame arrestor
  • Fork
    should be lowered to the floor when the truck is unattended
  • Stay
    alert at all times

Give a brief about grinding?

  • Proper
    wheel shall be used a per the grinding M/c’s specification
  • All
    the grinding M/c’s shall be used with wheel guard
  • Grinding
    cables shall not mingle with welding cables
  • All
    the cables shall be protected from damage
  • Provide
    face shield with safety helmet
  • Never
    use fracture wheel
  • Excessive
    tighting of maintaining is dangerous
  • All
    guards should be in position before the machine operated
  • The
    speed of the grinding should match in the speeds of the grinding machines
  • 10.
    Only skill person should be handle this work
  • 11.
    Testing of wheel is necessary

Describe about vehicles and plants?

  • All
    vehicles requiring security vehicles pass
  • All
    drivers should have valid driving licence
  • Drivers
    should not use fork lift trucks for carrying passengers
  • All
    traffic regulations and speed limit should be strictly followed in side the
    plant area
  • All
    vehicles area in a road worthy condition
  • Vehicles
    park in the operation area must always unlocked with in ignition key in

Precaution of excavation?

  • Excavation
    area should be suitable barricade
  • Put
    sign boards lights and flags
  • Avoid
    heavy vehicle coming near the sides
  • PPE
    like helmet, safety shoes should be used
  • Keep
    the excavated soil at least 5 feet distance
  • Excavated
    sides should be sloped bake to a safe angle
  • Hand
    excavation should be done at the present of UG pipes or cables place
  • Cutting
    shall be done from top to bottom
  • All
    narrow trenches 4 feet or more deep shall be supplied at least one ladder
  • While
    excavating on the slope on the slope whose height is over 10 feet men should
    use safety belts

What are advantages of JSA? ( Job safety Analysis)

  • It
    helps to identify hazards and prevent accident
  • It
    helps to establish safe work method, working conditions and suitable plant
    safety rules
  • It
    helps to assess the safety training four heading can be used for JSA.
  • It
    helps to inspection the plant ; It works by identifying  :

a) Name of operation for JSA

b) Description of the operation

c) Hazards

d) Precautions

What is tool box talk?

  • Job
    related safety aspects
  • Job
    related hazards / risk
  • Control
    / preventive measure
  • Adequacy
    of PPE’s / condition
  • Following
    safety rules / procedures
  • Safe
    work procedures / methods

Describe different types of hazards?

  • Mechanical
    hazards — in adequately guarded machines parts
  • Chemical
    hazards — of toxemic gasses, vapours, fumes, smoke in dust.
  • Electrical
    hazards : in adequately insulated line wires
  • Fire
    hazards – chemical reaction, electrical Arcs
  • Radiation
    hazards – dazzing light in fraved rays ultra violet rays
  • Pollution
    — water pollution & noise pollution

What is inspection?

means to find out hazards according to checklist prepared with reference to the
department operations by the people who are familiar with the plant.

Plant safety inspections should be conducted by whom?

  • Safety
  • By
    line management personal
  • By
    senior management personnel
  • First
    line supervisor
  • By
    maintenance engineers
  • By
  • By
    safety committee
  • By
    statutory authorites

How many types inspection?

are 5 types inspection ; pressures of boilers( supervisor)

  • Continuous
    inspection – select employees / operator
  • Periodical
    Inspection – material storage, fire fighting equipments, handling equipments
  • Intermittent
    inspection – un announced inspection done by safety officer, safety committee.
    ( Particular work spot)
  • Statutory
    inspection – storage area, location at height ( cranes, ropes, chains, it my
    tackles inspection)
  • Special
    inspection – accident investigation, Inspection of new building, general
    lighting, use of PPE’s etc. construction work.

What is safety management?

  • Safety
    management is an act and science of setting safety objectives of the industrial

What is accident investigation?

  • Accident
    investigation means to carried out immediately the occurrence of accident to
    find out real facts to avoid the future accident.

What is accident statistics?

  • It
    means to maintenance of accident details

How to investigate accidents?

  • To
    find out the causes/ reasons Injured person’s name, address, designation age
  • Exact
    place and types of hazards
  • Date,
    shift, time
  • To
    take correction action
  • Fact
    finding not fault finding

How to report an accident?

  • Date
    and time
  • Activity
  • What
  • Person
  • What
    went wrong
  • Causes
  • Corrective
    action suggested
  • Signature
  • Safety
  • Safety
    in charge
  • Project

What is accident prevention?

  • Accident
    prevention may be defined as an integrated programme and directed to control un
    safe mechanical or physical condition.

Role of management in industrial safety?

  • A
    written safety policy be issued by the management’s towards men, material and
  • The
    safety policy should bring out the management’s towards men, material machine.3
  • The
    safety policy should be circulated to top, middle and to workers
  • Management
    meeting should be in a position
  • Management
    should arrange for safety inspection ( once in 3 months ) and safety audit (
    once in year) to be carried out.
  • 78
    Give a brief note about safety policy ?
  • The
    safety and heath of all employees is one of prime concerned of the company.
  • Every
    company will be require to the policy both in letter and in spirit.
  • the
    company shall comply straightly with act, laws, rules and regulations
  • The
    company shall impart raining in health safety and occupational health to all
  • The
    company will adopt own safety and health standards where laws may not be available.

Safety in the use of hand trucks?

  • the
    truck should be inspected
  • The
    axles should be greased well
  • Safety
    shoes should be work by the operators.
  • The
    load should be balanced and the weight of the load should not fall on the axle
  • The
    hard cart should not be wider than the width of the hand truck.
  • The
    hard cart should be pushed and not pulled
  • The
    truck should not be placed on path ways.

How many types of safety?

  • There
    are three types of safety.

Plant safety b. Workers safety 3. Consumer safety

Human factors causing accidents?

  • Carelessness
  • Fooling
    bout it
  • Hurrying
    to increase production
  • Laziness
    in house keeping
  • Hurrying
    in Lunchtime
  • Lack
    of attention due to worry
  • Alcohol
    and drugs
  • Lack
    of skill and experience
  • Not
    using PPE

How many steps in safety?

  • There
    are 4 steps in safety
  • Policy
  • Implementation
  • Take
    advantages of factory act
  • Safe
    working conditions.

Write causes of accidents?

  • Direct
  • Unsafe
    act and
  • unsafe
  • Indirect
  • Lack
    of knowledge or skill
  • Improper
  • Physical
    or mental deficiency

Give some examples about unsafe act?

  • Operating
    any equipment without properly authority
  • Failure
    to warning
  • Operating
    at unsafe speed
  • Failure
    to use PPE
  • Using
    hands instead of tools and equipment
  • Unsafe
    loading or placing or stacking
  • Unsafe
    position/ posture
  • Working
    on moving equipments
  • Wearing
    loose clothes while working on running machine
  • Working
    at height without safety belt

Give some examples about un safe conditions?

  • Un
    guarded machine/ equipment
  • Poor
  • Narrow
  • Improper
  • Oil
    on floor
  • Unsafe
  • Unsafe
    defective construction
  • Defective
    condition of tools and equipment
  • Unsafe
    method or procedure
  • Bad

Write about accident sequence?

  • A
    personal injury occurs only as the result of an accidents
  • An
    accident occurs only as the result of a unsafe action or un safe mechanical or
    physical conditions or both.
  • Unsafe
    action or unsafe condition or mechanical or physical condition exist only
    because of faulting the part of persons.
  • Fault
    of persons acquires from the environment and the causes for lack of knowledge
    or skills or improper attitude.

Write a brief about classification of fire?

  • They
    are mainly five types of fire.
  • Class
    A Fire : Wood, paper, clothes, rubbers etc.
  • Class
    B Fire : Oil, grease, paint, petroleum etc.
  • Class
    C Fire : Acetylene, ethane, methane etc.
  • Class
    D Fire : Sodium, magnesium, potassium etc.
  • Class
    E Fire : Electrical equipment etc.

Write uses of extinguisher for purpose?

  • Water
    type extinguisher – Class A fire (not be B & E)
  • Foam
    type extinguisher – Class B fire (S.B + A.S.= Co2)
  • Carbon
    dioxide extinguisher Class C Fire
  • DCP
    Extinguisher – Class C, D or E

What precaution are necessary for protection from fires hazard?

  • Buildings
    and plants shall be so laid out and roads, passage ways etc.
  • Doors
    and windows shall be located in suitable positions on all external walls of the
  • Smoking
    lighting or carrying matches are to be prohibited
  • Gas
    cylinders should not be stored near high flammable substances
  • Flammable
    liquids shall be stored in suitable containers with close fitting covers.
  • In
    every factory has to suitable firefighting equipment
  • All
    firefighting equipment shall be subjected to routine maintenance inspection and
    testing by proper trained persons.
  • Sufficient
    number of persons shall be trained in the proper handling of firefighting

Precaution for burn person?

  • It
    fire catches a single person’s cloth; he should immediately roll on the floor.
  • No
    lotion of any kind should be applied on the burn area
  • In
    case of burns due to corrosive chemicals, the burn parts should be flooded with
  • The
    burn area should be covered with dry sterile dressing
  • Physical
    shock of the person is treated by giving him weak tea or coffee
  • In
    major cases the patient should be sent to hospital as quickly as possible

91. Indian
Factory act?

  • Sec.’6’
    Registration of a factory
  • Sec.’11’
  • Sec.’13’
    Ventilation and temperature
  • Sec.’17’
  • Sec.’18,19’
    Drinking water and sanitary
  • Sec.’23’
    Employment of young person on dangerous mechanical
  • Sec.’28’
    Hoist and lifts
  • Sec.’29’
    Lifting machines and tackles
  • Sec.35’
    protection of eyes
  • Sec.’36’
    Precaution against danger furmes
  • Sec.’36(A)’
    Use of portable electric light
  • Sec.’38’
    Protection in case of fire
  • Sec.’40(A)’
    Maintenance of building
  • Sec.40(B)’
    Safety officers duty
  • Sec.’45’
    First aid boxes
  • Sec.’111’
    Obligation of workers

Personal protective equipments? P.P.E

  • 1.
    Head protection – Hard hat, cap, and helmet

– aluminum, PVC, fiber glass, Plastic

– heal, spark, danger materials

  • 2.
    Face and eye protection – Spectacles, Welding goggles, face shield

– flying particles, radation

  • 3.
    Hand protection – Gloves, hand pads

– leather, rubber, PVC, asbestos

– acid, oil grease, pure Alex rubber gloves electrical

  • 4.
    Foot and leg protection – Safety shoes, gum boots, foot leg guard

– Metal, leather, rubber

– falling materials and electrical work

  • 5.
    Body protection – Apron, hood, coverall, jacket

rubber, leather canvas, lead, PVC asbestos

hood – Fire fighting

PVC full suit – ( Corrosively liquid, fumes, vapour

belts – work exceeds 3 mts

  • 6.
    Ear production – earmuff – noise – 30 – 135DB
  • 7.
    Ear plug – 115 – 120 DB

What is safety management?

  • Safety
    management is an art and science of setting safety objectives of the Industrial
    company and related activities of planning, administration, Improving, Various
    functions to achieve the safety objectives.

What are the objectives of safety management?

  • Taking
    care of workers and staff in the event of an accident
  • Providing
    health full environment and surrounding
  • Welfare
  • Continuous
    vigil and improvement

How many types of PPE?

  • There
    are two types of PPE

Respiratory 2. Non respiratory

— Air supplied


supplied — Compressed air breathing apparatus set

purified — Cannisters gas mask

cartridges respirator

cotton mask

filter mask (dust respirator)

How many types work permit?

  • There
    are two types of work permit

    • Cold
      work permit
    • Hot
      work permit

hot work permit further classified into 3 types

  1. Normal
    hot work permit
  2. Blanket
    hot work permit
  3. Delegate
    hot work permit

What is blanket permit?

  • A
    blanket permit is a permit issued on the basis of location where the multiple
    jobs are to be carried out at safe location.

What is delegated work permit?

  • Delegated
    work permit used for areas requiring light control. Ex : Fabrication, yards –
    valid – 30 days

How many types of accidents?

  • There
    are 4 types of accidents

    • Near
      miss accident – escape
    • No
      lost time reported 48hrs. before
    • Los
      time – reported 48hrs. after
    • Fated
      – Death

Heinrich accident ratio?

  • Major
  • Minor
  • No
  • Bird
    accident ratio?
  • Serious
  • Minor
  • Property
  • No
    visible injury

How to control risk?

  • The
    risk is control by following process they are eliminate, replace, reduce,
    control and PPE.

What are the hazards in chemical safety?

  • Danger
    due to fire/ explosion
  • Danger
    due to toxicity

How to control the chemical hazards?

  • The
    chemical hazards are control by engineering method, administrative method and

Give a brief note about Indian Acts related with session?

  • The
    factory Act – 1948 Petroleum Act – 1934
  • The
    mines Act – 1952 Water Act – 1974
  • Automatic
    energy Act – 1962 Air Act – 1948
  • Railways
    Act – 1890
  • Indian
    electricity Act – 1910
  • Indian
    boilers Act – 1884
  • Workmen
    compensation Act – 1948
  • Employee’s
    state insurance Act – 1948

What is first aid?

  • First
    aid is temporary and immediate care given to the victim of an accident.

What are the hazards in petroleum industry?

  • Fire,
    2. Explosion, 3. General hazards, 4. Frostbite

How to control the petroleum hazards

  • Proper
    design, operation and maintenance
  • Avoid
  • Steel
    pressure cylinder
  • Vapor
    release is to be directed away from heat sources
  • Wear
    goggles and SCBA sets

What are the causes of industrial accidents?

  • Inadequate
    skill, improper supervision etc.
  • Rapid
  • Expansion
    of exiting factories
  • Setting
    up new industries involving hazards not known earlier

What are the responsibility for workers for safety?

  • Report
    unsafe condition to supervisor
  • Do
    not operate the machine without knowing the operation
  • Before
    starting the machine, whether the machine is in condition not
  • Use
    correct tools
  • Follow
    the safety rules
  • Always
    do not horse play
  • Do
    not lift over load
  • Do
    not chit on at with others

What general precautions are necessary while driving?

  • Follow
    all traffic rules, signs and signals
  • Do
    not exceed the speed limit
  • Take
    ten minute break after every 2 hours on long driving
  • Drive
    in correct gear
  • Keep
    both hand on steering wheel
  • Do
    not drive if you are not filling well or feting sleep
  • Slow
    down while passing junctions, corners, crowded places and parking

What are cause of road accident?

  • Not
    following defensive arriving techniques
  • Not
    observing lane displine
  • Overtaking
    on turns or from wrong side
  • Not
    obey traffic signals
  • Poor
    road condition
  • Poor
    maintained vehicle

What are belongs to road safety?

  • The
    speed limits displayed along the road should be strictly
  • Short
    cuts and cutting across the corners should be avoid
  • No
    body should try to cross the level crossing when drop gates are closed
  • Signal
    given blocking the road ‘ stop’ look, listen and proceed should be followed.

What is factory act?

  • The
    factory act is a social enactment to achieve social reform and given liberal
    construction to achieve legislative.

What are main provisions in the factory act?

  • Health,
    safety, welfare, hours of work, employment, person, occupational disease,
    special provision and penalties and procedures.

What the advantages of ventilation

  • It
    helps to reduce the chances of fire or explosion
  • It
    protects the occupational diseases
  • It
    provides comfort to the workmen

What the role of government in industrial safety?

  • The
    Govt. responsible for protection workers, consumers from dangers at work, on
    the road, in the air in the water, from air and water pollution etc.

How does the workers health influence?

  • The
    workers’ health influences by occupational factors – physical, chemical,
    biological, social.
  • Non
    occupational factors – food, cloth, water, housing, smoking & alcohol etc.

How is audit conducted?

  • Preliminary
    visit and understanding the factory
  • Identify
    the audit element
  • Prepare
    the questionnaire
  • Get
    the reply from the company
  • Discussion
    with management, executives & workers.
  • Cross
    Verification at site
  • Preparation
    of report.

What are the procedures for work permit?

  • 3
    copies of the permit
  • At
    the work site.
  • In
    the permit file
  • On
    the permit board.

How many types of appliance

  • Safety
    appliance for PPE
  • Safety
    appliance for general protection

What are causes of accident of working at height (Personal)?

  • Lack
    of knowledge and skill
  • over
  • Feeling
    of dizziness
  • Non
    usage of PPEs like safety belt cygnet
  • Unsafe
    platform (Not covered having floor openings)
  • Improper
  • Unlearning
    work at height?

Control measure of work at height?

  • Use
    safety belt with proper anchoring above head.
  • ii.
    Special training must be given before starting the job.
  • iii.
    All scaffolds must be erected by skill persons.
  • iv.
    No work after sun set
  • v.
    Every platform should free from unnecessary obstruction
  • vi.
    Grease, mud, paint removed from working platform

What is earthling?

  • Earthling
    means connecting the natural point of the supply system to the general mass of
    the earth by line.

What is ELCB?

  • It
    is protection of living beings under electro charging by fast isolation from
    the live conductor to avoid permanent disability or death.

Precaution for electric shock

  • Use
    dry hard gloves & rubber sole, safety boots, gum boots
  • The
    electric holder must be fully insulted
  • Proper
    protection for the body
  • During
    chipping of slag use white goggles

What is term card?

  • It
    is legal requirements in case of emergency in violin vehicles carrying hazards

What are audit elements?

  • OS
    & H policy, educational training, safety manual and rules, new equipments,
    safety inspection, machine guarding, material handling safe operating
    procedures noise.

What are five rules of forth job

  • Select
    the right ladders forth job
  • Inspect
    ladder before you see it
  • Setup
    the ladder with care
  • Climb
    in carefully
  • Use
    safe practices

What are 4 Ps

  • Procedure
    – Rules, regulation
  • Protective
    gear – PPE
  • Promotional
    aspects – Competitions, rewards
  • Publicity
    – Bulleting, posters

How many types of sign boards

  • Mandatory
  • Information
  • Fire
    or explosion
  • Caution
  • Wiring

What is TWA ? – for 8 Hrs. exposure perday

  • It
    is define as the limit of air bone concentration of substances under which
    personnel may be exposed for 8 hrs. per day without any adverse effect.

What is STEL 0 for 15 minutes continuous exposure

  • It
    is considered as maximum allowable concentration not to be exceeded at any time
    during 15 minutes continuous expose period.
  • It
    is a maximum on concentration to which works or can be exposed to a period of
    to15 minutes continuously without suffering from irritation.

What are the duties of a factory inspector?

  • He
    takes up the license and registration of factories
  • He
    also verify the documents related to factory workers
  • He
    suggests suitable and welfare measures

What are welfare measures of factory act?

  • Adequate
    and suitable washing facilities should be provided
  • Facilities
    for sitting during rest hours should be provided
  • If
    more than 250 workers are employed in a factory a canteen facility shall be
  • Shelters
    rest rooms and drinking water shall be provided.
  • Welfare
    officer shall be employed where than 50 workers are working.

What is safety inventory system?

  • It
    is a safety date collecting technique and carried out to promote full employee
    co-operation condition in the implementation of the company’s safety surveys.

What is safety surveys?

  • Safety
    surveys are made to have detailed observations of all types of unsafe physical
    and environment conditions as well as unsafe practices committed the health and
    comfort or workers.

What is industrial hygiene?

  • Industrial
    hygiene is defined as the art and science of the presentation and improvement
    of the health and comfort of workers.

What are belongs to un hygienic working environment?

  • Presence
    of toxic,
  • High
  • Excessive
  • Emission
    of radiation
  • Improper
  • Improper
  • Process
    involving handling of poisonous.

What is ingestion ?

  • Entry
    of harmful materials through mouth is called ingestion

What is inhalation?

  • Entry
    of harm full materials through mouth is called ingestion

What are of four legs of fire safety ?

  • Fire
  • Fire
  • Quantity
  • Preventive

What are the important points to be observed for fire prevention ?

  • Good
    house keeping
  • No
  • Use
    of fire resistant paint
  • Electrical
  • Fire
    check doors
  • Naked
    flame safety
  • Separate
    storage of hazardous chemicals

Safety Triangle – Green?

  • Safety
    day – 4th March
  • Fire
    Day – 14th April
  • Hot
    Work – Red or pink
  • Cold
    Work – Green
  • Confined
    – Blue
  • Radiography
    – Yellow
  • Water
    type extinguisher – Red
  • Foam
    type extinguisher – Cream (green)
  • Co2
    extinguisher Black
  • DCR
    extinguisher Blue

What is lathe?

  • Lathe
    is an equipment use for cutting, threading, millingor facing etc.

What is Noise?

  • Up
    wanted sound which causes irritation to the ears caused by mechanical movement.

What is respiration?

  • The
    process of inhaling fresh hair and exhaling, to entering a confined place is
    called respiration.

What is hot work permit?

  • Any
    work which involves spark flame, temperature is called HWP

What is cold work permit?

  • Any
    work which does not involved production of spark flame, heat, temp. is called

What is Electricity?

  • A
    form on energy resulting from the existence of charged parties by dynamically
    as a current.
  • It
    requires for worker on electrical equipment, machinery, cables, switch boards,
    pumps and other distribution boards.

What is radiography?

  • It
    is conducted to check the welding joints for any blow holes defects through

What is vehicles / Mobile permit?

  • The
    permit is required for taking any vehicle are mobile equipments having a diesel
    equipment having a diesel or petrol operated engine in to hazardous area.

What are risks in vehicle permit?

  • Sparks,
    2. Accidents 3. Pollution

Control measures of vehicles permit ?

  • Fitted
    spark arrester
  • Speed
    30 km./hours
  • Proper
    warring lights
  • No
    over load
  • Correct
  • Pollution
  • 3rd
    party inspection

Control measures of radiography?

  • Barricade
    the area
  • Remove
    all un-necessary persons and keep them away from site
  • Check
    radiation level with dosimeter
  • Use
    lead shields
  • Put
    a sign board
  • Risk
    tissue damaged
  • Use
    special filter glass
  • Use
    lead coated aprons

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