What is Safety?
is a condition which gives one freedom from hazard, risk, and accident which
may cause injury, damage and loss to material or property damage and even
is defined as freedom from those conditions that can cause injury to persons
including death or damage to property or environment.
What is accident?
is an unexpected or unplanned event which may or may not result in injury or
damage or property loss or death.
is defined as a harmful condition sustained by the body as a result of an
What is hazard?
property of a substance or an occurrence which has potential to cause loss or
damage property, person or environment.
What is risk?
probability of the realization of potential for loss or damage or injury.
What is incident?
is an event which represents deviation from the intended sequence of designed
What is safety policy?
company has a social and legal obligation to provide a safe and health working
environment to all his improvement to all his employees.
What is safety audit?
safety audit is the process that identifies un-safe conditions and unsafe acts
the plant and recommended safety improvement.
through It evaluates the unsafe condition notice able to naked eye during work
through the plant. (Stores, civil work, erection work)
mediate-more details study and review of plant design and plant operation.
–It evaluates the safety factors in the plant on the base engineering,
analysis, testing, measurement.
What is safety tag?
tag can be defined a surface made of card board or paper board on which English
local languages letters written for warning safety instructions to employees.
What is safety programme?
programme can be defined as five methods by which accident can be prevent
easily they are engineering, education, enforcement, enthusiasm and example
safety programmes are plain spoken and carry out certain legal steps.
What is attitude?
may be described as continuous behavior. if man’s behavior is good, then his
action will be either correct or safe.
what is emergency planning?
planning can define as a control measures. It can control the accidents safe
guard people and provide information to media.
What is work permit system?
permit system is a “written documents” for permission to undertake a job by
area in charge or it is written document issued by the area in charge to the
performer to undertake the specific job.
What is work at height?
work above 2 meters from ground is called work at height.
What is confined space?
area which is small and enclosed or an area where one entry and exits or where
a man cannot work comfortable in any location is called confined space.
What is excavation?
a hole or tunnel by digging the ground by man or machine is called excavation.
What is scaffolding?
is a temporary platform constructed for supporting both men and materials
and working safety at a construction
What is welding?
process of joining of metals either by electrical or by gas is called welding.
What is gas cutting?
process of joining of cutting metals by using oxygen and combustible gas is
called gas cutting.
What is sand blasting?
process of removing rust dust, dirt, scales and old prints from the old surface
using compressed air is called sand blasting.
What is painting?
process after sand blasting is called painting.
What is LEL?
minimum concentration of vapour, gasses and dust in air below which propagation
of flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called LEL.
What is UEL?
maximum proportion of vapour, gasses and dust in air above which proposal the
flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called UEL.
What is manual handing?
process of lifting, carrying and stacking materials by men is called manual
What is housekeeping?
means not only cleanness but also orderly arrangement of operations, tools,
equipment storage facilities and suppliers.
What is personal protective equipment?
is equipment used to protect the person from hazards such dust, dirt, fumes and
sparks etc. It is the barrier between hazard and person.
What is grinding?
is a portable machine with a wheel guard in position to reduce the danger.
What is Crane?
tall machine used for moving heavy objects by suspending them from a projecting
arm with hook.
What is fork lift truck?
lift truck are designed to handle heavy loads.
What is JSA?
procedure of analyzing job for the specific purpose of finding the hazards and
What are the duties of a safety officer?
tool box talk
the safety classes/training
monthly safety bulletin
of fire extinguisher
first aid training classes
safety competitions like quiz, slogan, poster competitions exhibition etc.
What are the duties of a supervisor?
has to instruct the workers about the work methods and procedures.
has to maintain discipline among the workers
has to supply necessary materials
has to control quality and cost of the job
has to guide has workers in doing a job in the correct and safe way
has to supply suitable personal protective equipment to his workers
should conduct periodical safety meetings.
should conduct safety inspection of his working area
should know about the fire fight equipment
should know investigate the accident and find out the cause of accident
What are the precautions for welding?
all combustion material from the place of welding
the work area and cover wooden floor with fire proof mats. (Welding mechanic
should be kept within the visibility of the welders.
fire resistance screen around the work
welding cables should be fully insulted
welding machinery shall be double earthed
area should be dry and free from water
the fire extinguisher / sand really
leather hand gloves, goggles and helmets
off the power when welding is stopped
not allow the helper to do welding
not shift the welding cable unless the electric power is switched off.
not allow the helper to carry the welding. Terminal of the welding cables
should be provided 3-cable with lugs and kept tight.
hose in black and Acetylene hose in red in color as per standard
of the blow torches should be maintained properly avoid back fire
should be trained properly
should be stored in a cold dry place away bottom heat and direct sunlight.
housekeeping, good ventilation in the working area
should be avoided from welding area
connection should be proper made
the work area and put a sign board
of cylinders should be avoided
back arrestor should be attached in each cylinders
leakage of cylinder should be kept separately
What is the precaution for gas cutting?
fire extinguisher nearby
fire watch near by
all combustible from work area
all necessary PPE
put welding gas cylinder inside a confined space
shall not be laid in path ways
cutting torch should have flash back arrestors
test to be done to check for presence of flammable gas in site.
housekeeping and ventilation necessary in working area.
connections should be made properly
What are the precautions for “sandblasting”?
airline, hoses and other fitting must installment firmly without leaks the
of compressor should be avoided
fresh air hood or mask must be worn
has to be done periodically
extinguisher shall be kept near by
mask ear plugs / muffs should be used
sand blasting shall be done on top of floating roof tank in service.
goggles & face shield
blasting operation must be gas free
What are the precaution for “painting”?
flammable material should be cleared from the work area
required protective clothing and equipment must be worn
respirators shall always be worn
ventilation is necessary
washing facilities must be readily available
cream should be applied to the skin
What are the hazards in welding?
injury Arc realization
shock Light arc radiation
light and radiation effect Heat fume
gases Chipped price of weld metal
What are hazards and injuries in manual handing?
fingers due to sharp edges
due to handing of hot articles
injuries due to dropped articles
disc due to improper posture in lifting on object
to wrist or fingers
wounds hernias, fractures
Cause of accidents in manual handling?
too heavy loads
to use PPE
greasy, oily and irregular objects
What precautions are need to avoid accident in manhandling?
at safe distance from the load
edge and burns are removed before lifting a material.
such as safety gloves and safety shoes are to be used.
the weight is too heavy for one person to lift, then he has to seek the
pathway is not blocked by obstacles while carrying the load.
different actions, movements and forces necessary while carrying the load.
the task by using hooks and crow bars.
equipments like cranes shall be used.
the way things are used.
Tips for manuals handling?
in close to the load
your head upright
normal curves of the spine
the lift with legs and body weight
Cause of accidents in mechanical handling?
sudden failure of wire rope or a chain
of the load from the sling
of the load at the time of lifting
load sometimes hits the man
What are the accidents in “poor house keeping”?
getting hit by failing from overhead
slipping as greasy, wet or dirty floor
failing in open tank without cover in level floor
due to poor lighting
accidents due to faulty electrical wires
What are the advantages in good house keeping?
helps in the reduction of accidents including fire accidents
saves the property damages
improves employee moral
area be-comes presentable
energy is conserved
are very much satisfied
burden of supervisor is reduced
How to care and maintenance of hand tools?
must be kept clean and free from corrosion
metal parts lightly oiled
burrs from edges of tools and heads of chisels.
which are not in used must be stored separately
good worker regularly inspects his tools
not use tools without handles
How to prevent accidents of “power tools”?
operators should wear face shields or safety glasses
tools should be placed in the store room after use
tools should have protected by guards
hoses or electric cables of power tools should not pass through passage ways.
electrical power tools should be properly earthed
horse play with hose of pneumatic tools
tools machines should be maintained and operated properly.
What are the causes of accidents of “hard tools”?
to wrong way using of tools.
to defective condition of tools
to failure of using right tools for right job
to wrong way of carrying tools
to strong of tools un safety
What precautions are necessary in electrical work?
electrical installations shall be as per Indian electricity rules
competent persons should handle the electrical equipment
equipment should be earthed properly
temporary electric lines should be drawn at least above man’s height
should be completely insulted
should not have any joints
connection for one point
house keeping on the area
protection equipment to be kept near by
rubber gloves and rubber boots
good quality of wire
isolation close to the job
three pin plug instead of loose wire
operate any electrical equipment with wet hands
stand wet surface while working electrical equipments
thunder storm do not stand under tree
sign board is necessary
person shall work on any live electrical conductor
switch shall only be put on by person who switched it off
What are the hazards in construction?
of person from top and getting injured
of objects from top and below person injury
of materials from top and damaged
fall into excavated pit
of soil and below person get injury or may
of UG cables and sewage pipe
of scaffolding and person fall from height, get injury
and lung problems
body in eye
Cause of accident in construction?
of persons from height
working by worker
safe work methods
of earth during trench excavation
of use safety equipment
a height without safety belt
General safety precautions in construction?
first aid equipment should be kept ready
firefighting equipment should be available
general electrical rules should be followed
lighting arrangements should be necessary at night work
men at height should be wear safety belts
men handling cement should be provided with goggles, rubber gloves and rubber
boots by nose mask.
moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with
moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with
material should not kept near the excavated
short duration of work red flags must be hoisted and more duration red banners
must be stretched
tools should not be used
worker should not carry tools in his hands when climbing a ladder
should be guarded by suitable fencing
How to erect scaffolding?
should be erected on levels firm ground
erected by trained / skilled person
is constructed using metal pipes and wooden boards
should be design and constructed from good and sound material
to be erected on loose earth
plate is necessary the base of vertical pipe
Safety precaution of scaffold?
board not be painted
board should not to any cracks
for rust in pipes / clamps
should fixed and good quality
thickness should be 3.4 cms and no bending
construction must be rigid, properly based
of good and sound materials
wooden bellies has not joints
poles should not be more than 6 feet
ropes used for the suspension of scaffoldings
throw any materials from height
safety harness while working at above 6 feet
ties to be arrangement
What control measures area necessary in confined space?
with airline BA sets
24v flame proof hand lamps
hole watch to be kept near man hole
fire fighting equipment ready
test to be done to check for oxygen level
smoke in confined space
ropes and harness
spaces clean before entry
non sparking tools it there is any risk of flammable vapors being present.
Safety rules when using ladders?
foot wear is not greasy, oily and muddy and has a good grip on the rungs.
climbing or coming down a ladder should be face the ladder side and had on with
light tools in pockets in a shoulder bag.
on with at least new hand if use of both hands then, use safety belt
climb higher than the third rung from the top on straight or second tired from
the top on extension ladder.
ladder must be fully open and the divider locked
ladder shall not be used near electrical equipment.
ladder shall not be place on firm footing and at angle of 75
ladder found defect in any way should be marked do not use
shall not be placed on a box or drum.
protection on head and heel of a ladder is necessary.
Safety rules insuring oxygen cylinders?
cylinders should not be kept near combustible materials.
cylinders should not be handled with grassy hands or gloves.
cylinders and their fittings should not be tested with oil based soap solution.
cylinders and other combustible gas cylinders should not be stored together.
top cover of the cylinder should be kept in position and screwed safety when
not in use.
should not be used as rollers for moving materials
must not be used for ventilating confined spaces.
Safety rules in using compressed air?
authorized persons should use compressed air.
body or clothes should not be cleaned with compressed air.
air hose pipes should not be placed across passage ways
of compressed air should not be tested with hands.
working with tools run by compressed air safety shoes are to be used.
tools should not be kept on position when not in use.
Handling of compressed gas cylinders?
are not to be dragged or dropped
should be stored in dry and well ventilated places
and slings should not be used for lifting cylinders.
caps of the cylinders should not be removed when they are not the use.
should not be stored near hot sources
cylinders should not be stored horizontally
cylinders and fully cylinders should be stored separately
cylinders removed to open space and release the gas without getting ignited.
Storage of gas cylinders.
should stored in a safe, dry and well ventilated store
cylinders should be stored horizontally and acetylene cylinders shall be stored
standing cylinders should be secured properly avoid falling.
gas shall be stored at least 50 feet away from another building
cylinder shall never be stored necessary flammable gas cylinder
cylinder shall be identified by marking with a chalk (MT) and checked for
damage before returning to suppliers.
should not be kept as supports.
Give a brief note about crane and LE?
authorized and competent person should operated cranes
correct sling must be used for the load to be lifts
equipment must be certified from competent authority and mark with its SWL
be used for loads excess of its SWL
and slings must be padded when passing over sharp edges of equipments
the condition of the ground before parking the crane and use out riggers
moving parts must be guarded
chains, ropes, slings and hooks should not be use
slings to be inspected by third party inspectors
stand or work under a suspended load
the out riggers on firms ground
ropes shall be used to control swing of lifted material
operate the crane at the time of speed wing
over live equipment should not be encouraged
crane should undergo periodical maintenance as per manufactures
Give brief note about fork lift truck?
breaks, lift tilt and tires.
the stability of load before moving it
leave your fork lift truck un-attend with motor running
park fork lift truck on passage way
drive with wet or greasy hands
drive with a safe speed and slow down at turning point
driving without load forks about 6 inches above the floor or ground
operate trunk in gaseous area
carry a load so high that you can not head, If necessary operate truck in
carrying lose materials on forks
allow one to go under elevated loads
other employees to stand clear when staking or removing materials
pipe should have flame arrestor
should be lowered to the floor when the truck is unattended
alert at all times
Give a brief about grinding?
wheel shall be used a per the grinding M/c’s specification
the grinding M/c’s shall be used with wheel guard
cables shall not mingle with welding cables
the cables shall be protected from damage
face shield with safety helmet
use fracture wheel
tighting of maintaining is dangerous
guards should be in position before the machine operated
speed of the grinding should match in the speeds of the grinding machines
Only skill person should be handle this work
Testing of wheel is necessary
Describe about vehicles and plants?
vehicles requiring security vehicles pass
drivers should have valid driving licence
should not use fork lift trucks for carrying passengers
traffic regulations and speed limit should be strictly followed in side the
vehicles area in a road worthy condition
park in the operation area must always unlocked with in ignition key in
Precaution of excavation?
area should be suitable barricade
sign boards lights and flags
heavy vehicle coming near the sides
like helmet, safety shoes should be used
the excavated soil at least 5 feet distance
sides should be sloped bake to a safe angle
excavation should be done at the present of UG pipes or cables place
shall be done from top to bottom
narrow trenches 4 feet or more deep shall be supplied at least one ladder
excavating on the slope on the slope whose height is over 10 feet men should
use safety belts
What are advantages of JSA? ( Job safety Analysis)
helps to identify hazards and prevent accident
helps to establish safe work method, working conditions and suitable plant
helps to assess the safety training four heading can be used for JSA.
helps to inspection the plant ; It works by identifying :
a) Name of operation for JSA
b) Description of the operation
What is tool box talk?
related safety aspects
related hazards / risk
/ preventive measure
of PPE’s / condition
safety rules / procedures
work procedures / methods
Describe different types of hazards?
hazards — in adequately guarded machines parts
hazards — of toxemic gasses, vapours, fumes, smoke in dust.
hazards : in adequately insulated line wires
hazards – chemical reaction, electrical Arcs
hazards – dazzing light in fraved rays ultra violet rays
— water pollution & noise pollution
What is inspection?
means to find out hazards according to checklist prepared with reference to the
department operations by the people who are familiar with the plant.
Plant safety inspections should be conducted by whom?
line management personal
senior management personnel
How many types inspection?
are 5 types inspection ; pressures of boilers( supervisor)
inspection – select employees / operator
Inspection – material storage, fire fighting equipments, handling equipments
inspection – un announced inspection done by safety officer, safety committee.
( Particular work spot)
inspection – storage area, location at height ( cranes, ropes, chains, it my
inspection – accident investigation, Inspection of new building, general
lighting, use of PPE’s etc. construction work.
What is safety management?
management is an act and science of setting safety objectives of the industrial
What is accident investigation?
investigation means to carried out immediately the occurrence of accident to
find out real facts to avoid the future accident.
What is accident statistics?
means to maintenance of accident details
How to investigate accidents?
find out the causes/ reasons Injured person’s name, address, designation age
place and types of hazards
take correction action
finding not fault finding
How to report an accident?
What is accident prevention?
prevention may be defined as an integrated programme and directed to control un
safe mechanical or physical condition.
Role of management in industrial safety?
written safety policy be issued by the management’s towards men, material and
safety policy should bring out the management’s towards men, material machine.3
safety policy should be circulated to top, middle and to workers
meeting should be in a position
should arrange for safety inspection ( once in 3 months ) and safety audit (
once in year) to be carried out.
Give a brief note about safety policy ?
safety and heath of all employees is one of prime concerned of the company.
company will be require to the policy both in letter and in spirit.
company shall comply straightly with act, laws, rules and regulations
company shall impart raining in health safety and occupational health to all
company will adopt own safety and health standards where laws may not be available.
Safety in the use of hand trucks?
truck should be inspected
axles should be greased well
shoes should be work by the operators.
load should be balanced and the weight of the load should not fall on the axle
hard cart should not be wider than the width of the hand truck.
hard cart should be pushed and not pulled
truck should not be placed on path ways.
How many types of safety?
are three types of safety.
Plant safety b. Workers safety 3. Consumer safety
Human factors causing accidents?
to increase production
in house keeping
of attention due to worry
of skill and experience
How many steps in safety?
are 4 steps in safety
advantages of factory act
Write causes of accidents?
of knowledge or skill
or mental deficiency
Give some examples about unsafe act?
any equipment without properly authority
at unsafe speed
to use PPE
hands instead of tools and equipment
loading or placing or stacking
on moving equipments
loose clothes while working on running machine
at height without safety belt
Give some examples about un safe conditions?
guarded machine/ equipment
condition of tools and equipment
method or procedure
Write about accident sequence?
personal injury occurs only as the result of an accidents
accident occurs only as the result of a unsafe action or un safe mechanical or
physical conditions or both.
action or unsafe condition or mechanical or physical condition exist only
because of faulting the part of persons.
of persons acquires from the environment and the causes for lack of knowledge
or skills or improper attitude.
Write a brief about classification of fire?
are mainly five types of fire.
A Fire : Wood, paper, clothes, rubbers etc.
B Fire : Oil, grease, paint, petroleum etc.
C Fire : Acetylene, ethane, methane etc.
D Fire : Sodium, magnesium, potassium etc.
E Fire : Electrical equipment etc.
Write uses of extinguisher for purpose?
type extinguisher – Class A fire (not be B & E)
type extinguisher – Class B fire (S.B + A.S.= Co2)
dioxide extinguisher Class C Fire
Extinguisher – Class C, D or E
What precaution are necessary for protection from fires hazard?
and plants shall be so laid out and roads, passage ways etc.
and windows shall be located in suitable positions on all external walls of the
lighting or carrying matches are to be prohibited
cylinders should not be stored near high flammable substances
liquids shall be stored in suitable containers with close fitting covers.
every factory has to suitable firefighting equipment
firefighting equipment shall be subjected to routine maintenance inspection and
testing by proper trained persons.
number of persons shall be trained in the proper handling of firefighting
Precaution for burn person?
fire catches a single person’s cloth; he should immediately roll on the floor.
lotion of any kind should be applied on the burn area
case of burns due to corrosive chemicals, the burn parts should be flooded with
burn area should be covered with dry sterile dressing
shock of the person is treated by giving him weak tea or coffee
major cases the patient should be sent to hospital as quickly as possible
Registration of a factory
Ventilation and temperature
Drinking water and sanitary
Employment of young person on dangerous mechanical
Hoist and lifts
Lifting machines and tackles
protection of eyes
Precaution against danger furmes
Use of portable electric light
Protection in case of fire
Maintenance of building
Safety officers duty
First aid boxes
Obligation of workers
Personal protective equipments? P.P.E
Head protection – Hard hat, cap, and helmet
– aluminum, PVC, fiber glass, Plastic
– heal, spark, danger materials
Face and eye protection – Spectacles, Welding goggles, face shield
– flying particles, radation
Hand protection – Gloves, hand pads
– leather, rubber, PVC, asbestos
– acid, oil grease, pure Alex rubber gloves electrical
Foot and leg protection – Safety shoes, gum boots, foot leg guard
– Metal, leather, rubber
– falling materials and electrical work
Body protection – Apron, hood, coverall, jacket
rubber, leather canvas, lead, PVC asbestos
hood – Fire fighting
PVC full suit – ( Corrosively liquid, fumes, vapour
belts – work exceeds 3 mts
Ear production – earmuff – noise – 30 – 135DB
Ear plug – 115 – 120 DB
What is safety management?
management is an art and science of setting safety objectives of the Industrial
company and related activities of planning, administration, Improving, Various
functions to achieve the safety objectives.
What are the objectives of safety management?
care of workers and staff in the event of an accident
health full environment and surrounding
vigil and improvement
How many types of PPE?
are two types of PPE
Respiratory 2. Non respiratory
— Air supplied
supplied — Compressed air breathing apparatus set
purified — Cannisters gas mask
filter mask (dust respirator)
How many types work permit?
are two types of work permit
hot work permit further classified into 3 types
hot work permit
hot work permit
hot work permit
What is blanket permit?
blanket permit is a permit issued on the basis of location where the multiple
jobs are to be carried out at safe location.
What is delegated work permit?
work permit used for areas requiring light control. Ex : Fabrication, yards –
valid – 30 days
How many types of accidents?
are 4 types of accidents
miss accident – escape
lost time reported 48hrs. before
time – reported 48hrs. after
Heinrich accident ratio?
How to control risk?
risk is control by following process they are eliminate, replace, reduce,
control and PPE.
What are the hazards in chemical safety?
due to fire/ explosion
due to toxicity
How to control the chemical hazards?
chemical hazards are control by engineering method, administrative method and
Give a brief note about Indian Acts related with session?
factory Act – 1948 Petroleum Act – 1934
mines Act – 1952 Water Act – 1974
energy Act – 1962 Air Act – 1948
Act – 1890
electricity Act – 1910
boilers Act – 1884
compensation Act – 1948
state insurance Act – 1948
What is first aid?
aid is temporary and immediate care given to the victim of an accident.
What are the hazards in petroleum industry?
2. Explosion, 3. General hazards, 4. Frostbite
How to control the petroleum hazards
design, operation and maintenance
release is to be directed away from heat sources
goggles and SCBA sets
What are the causes of industrial accidents?
skill, improper supervision etc.
of exiting factories
up new industries involving hazards not known earlier
What are the responsibility for workers for safety?
unsafe condition to supervisor
not operate the machine without knowing the operation
starting the machine, whether the machine is in condition not
the safety rules
do not horse play
not lift over load
not chit on at with others
What general precautions are necessary while driving?
all traffic rules, signs and signals
not exceed the speed limit
ten minute break after every 2 hours on long driving
in correct gear
both hand on steering wheel
not drive if you are not filling well or feting sleep
down while passing junctions, corners, crowded places and parking
What are cause of road accident?
following defensive arriving techniques
observing lane displine
on turns or from wrong side
obey traffic signals
What are belongs to road safety?
speed limits displayed along the road should be strictly
cuts and cutting across the corners should be avoid
body should try to cross the level crossing when drop gates are closed
given blocking the road ‘ stop’ look, listen and proceed should be followed.
What is factory act?
factory act is a social enactment to achieve social reform and given liberal
construction to achieve legislative.
What are main provisions in the factory act?
safety, welfare, hours of work, employment, person, occupational disease,
special provision and penalties and procedures.
What the advantages of ventilation
helps to reduce the chances of fire or explosion
protects the occupational diseases
provides comfort to the workmen
What the role of government in industrial safety?
Govt. responsible for protection workers, consumers from dangers at work, on
the road, in the air in the water, from air and water pollution etc.
How does the workers health influence?
workers’ health influences by occupational factors – physical, chemical,
occupational factors – food, cloth, water, housing, smoking & alcohol etc.
How is audit conducted?
visit and understanding the factory
the audit element
the reply from the company
with management, executives & workers.
Verification at site
What are the procedures for work permit?
copies of the permit
the work site.
the permit file
the permit board.
How many types of appliance
appliance for PPE
appliance for general protection
What are causes of accident of working at height (Personal)?
of knowledge and skill
usage of PPEs like safety belt cygnet
platform (Not covered having floor openings)
work at height?
Control measure of work at height?
safety belt with proper anchoring above head.
Special training must be given before starting the job.
All scaffolds must be erected by skill persons.
No work after sun set
Every platform should free from unnecessary obstruction
Grease, mud, paint removed from working platform
What is earthling?
means connecting the natural point of the supply system to the general mass of
the earth by line.
What is ELCB?
is protection of living beings under electro charging by fast isolation from
the live conductor to avoid permanent disability or death.
Precaution for electric shock
dry hard gloves & rubber sole, safety boots, gum boots
electric holder must be fully insulted
protection for the body
chipping of slag use white goggles
What is term card?
is legal requirements in case of emergency in violin vehicles carrying hazards
What are audit elements?
& H policy, educational training, safety manual and rules, new equipments,
safety inspection, machine guarding, material handling safe operating
What are five rules of forth job
the right ladders forth job
ladder before you see it
the ladder with care
What are 4 Ps
– Rules, regulation
gear – PPE
aspects – Competitions, rewards
– Bulleting, posters
How many types of sign boards
What is TWA ? – for 8 Hrs. exposure perday
is define as the limit of air bone concentration of substances under which
personnel may be exposed for 8 hrs. per day without any adverse effect.
What is STEL 0 for 15 minutes continuous exposure
is considered as maximum allowable concentration not to be exceeded at any time
during 15 minutes continuous expose period.
is a maximum on concentration to which works or can be exposed to a period of
to15 minutes continuously without suffering from irritation.
What are the duties of a factory inspector?
takes up the license and registration of factories
also verify the documents related to factory workers
suggests suitable and welfare measures
What are welfare measures of factory act?
and suitable washing facilities should be provided
for sitting during rest hours should be provided
more than 250 workers are employed in a factory a canteen facility shall be
rest rooms and drinking water shall be provided.
officer shall be employed where than 50 workers are working.
What is safety inventory system?
is a safety date collecting technique and carried out to promote full employee
co-operation condition in the implementation of the company’s safety surveys.
What is safety surveys?
surveys are made to have detailed observations of all types of unsafe physical
and environment conditions as well as unsafe practices committed the health and
comfort or workers.
What is industrial hygiene?
hygiene is defined as the art and science of the presentation and improvement
of the health and comfort of workers.
What are belongs to un hygienic working environment?
involving handling of poisonous.
What is ingestion ?
of harmful materials through mouth is called ingestion
What is inhalation?
of harm full materials through mouth is called ingestion
What are of four legs of fire safety ?
What are the important points to be observed for fire prevention ?
of fire resistant paint
storage of hazardous chemicals
Safety Triangle – Green?
day – 4th March
Day – 14th April
Work – Red or pink
Work – Green
type extinguisher – Red
type extinguisher – Cream (green)
What is lathe?
is an equipment use for cutting, threading, millingor facing etc.
What is Noise?
wanted sound which causes irritation to the ears caused by mechanical movement.
What is respiration?
process of inhaling fresh hair and exhaling, to entering a confined place is
What is hot work permit?
work which involves spark flame, temperature is called HWP
What is cold work permit?
work which does not involved production of spark flame, heat, temp. is called
What is Electricity?
form on energy resulting from the existence of charged parties by dynamically
as a current.
requires for worker on electrical equipment, machinery, cables, switch boards,
pumps and other distribution boards.
What is radiography?
is conducted to check the welding joints for any blow holes defects through
What is vehicles / Mobile permit?
permit is required for taking any vehicle are mobile equipments having a diesel
equipment having a diesel or petrol operated engine in to hazardous area.
What are risks in vehicle permit?
2. Accidents 3. Pollution
Control measures of vehicles permit ?
Control measures of radiography?
all un-necessary persons and keep them away from site
radiation level with dosimeter
a sign board
special filter glass
lead coated aprons